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The Copyrights Act 1957: Things You Need to Know

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Registration of copyright in India

The Indian Copyright Law conforms to international standards in this regards as mandated by TRIPS. The Copyright Act 1957 and subsequent amendments made in 1999, 2002 and 2012 fully implements Berne Convention for Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1886 as well as the Universal Copyrights Convention which India is a signatory of. The Copyrights Act 1957 also conforms to Geneva Convention for the Protection of Rights of Producers of Phonograms. Since India is an active member of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), certain concerns has to be addressed through a copyright law.

Types of ‘Work’ protected under the Copyrights Act:

As per the Copyrights Act 1957, the term ‘Work’ includes an artistic work which includes the following,

  • Painting
  • Sculpture
  • Drawing including a diagram, map, chart or a plan
  • Photograph
  • Architecture
  • All sorts of craftsmanship
  • All kinds of literary work including computer compilations, databases and tables
  • All kind of musical work
  • Sound recordings
  • Film work

Keeping with the development of various technologies in this field, the Copyrights Act 1957 were amended several times to reflect a more modern approach. With the advent of satellite and computer technologies, the act was amended accordingly to protect artistic creations as was envisaged in the Rome Convention.

Registration of copyrights in India:

In India, one does not need copyright registration to take legal action against any infringement. Registration of copyright in India is treated merely as a record of fact and does not really confer any special right to the one registering. This view has been upheld by the judiciary through its various judgements from time to time. But copyright registration, although is not mandatory and does not confer any special right, should be done anyway as the registration certificate is treated by the courts as proof of ownership and is swiftly acted upon by law enforcing authorities in case of any infringement.

Protection of foreign works through the copyrights act:

Works of foreign nationals of countries, which are members of conventions India is a signatory to, are protected through the International Copyright Order 1999. In India, courts have also taken it upon themselves to protect the works of foreign nationals and companies viz. software, music and movies. The Indian government along with organisations like NASSCOM and NIAPC have taken several steps to counter piracy in these fields.

Enforcement of the Copyrights Act:

In India, the Copyrights Act 1957 provides for civil like permanent injunction, damages or accounts of profit, cost of the legal proceedings, delivery of the infringed material for destruction etc. Apart from that it also makes certain instances of copyright infringements cognizable offence which is punishable with imprisonment for a term not less than 6 months extendable up to 3 years and a fine not less than Rs.50,000, which may extend to Rs.2,00,000. For repeated offences punishments and fines are harsher.

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India

8 Best Cultural Festivals in India to Enjoy in Upcoming Years

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cultural festivals in India

India is a country filled with colours, different cultures, traditions, religions, diversities, casts, and languages. Individuals of India are engaged with various fairs and celebrations consistently. Regardless of whether it is Hindu or Muslim, Punjabi or Sikh, Jain or Christian every religion have their very own cultures and traditions to celebrate these cultural festivals in India. Each festival and celebration have its own history behind that to celebrate. A few celebrations are commended at national levels while others are praised at religious levels.
Here we have listed some best cultural festivals in India that everyone should know before visiting India.

8 Best Upcoming Cultural Festivals in India

1. Makar Sankranti & Pongal

Celebrated on 14th January onwards, Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival and of course one of the best cultural festivals in India celebrated all across the country. The festival is celebrated as the end of harvesting season and Indian farmers come together in the joy and harmony of this festival. The festival is celebrated in different ways in the country, for example, through kite flying in Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan. Pongal is a multi-day long social celebration in India basically celebrated in Tamil Nadu. On the second day of Pongal, the merriments are set apart by bubbling milk in new mud pots during dawn and when the milk bubbles over yelling “Pongalo Pongal”. It is a significant celebration in the state when individuals pray to their God for their good health and wealth.

2. Holi: The Festivals of Colors

Holi is one of the most celebrated festivals in India that represent the essence and vibrancy of this incredible country. The wonderful festival is celebrated with coloured powders and water in the month of March is an extraordinary celebration denoted the whole way across the nation. Usually, the festival is celebrated for two days; where a night prior to the festival families and friends come together for Holika Dahan and on the next day, individuals come to join the party with colours and water enjoy the whole day. One can see a huge celebration of Holi in Mathura, Vrindavan, Dwarka, and Uttarakhand.

3. Easter

A unique celebration of Christians, Easter Sunday is celebrated for Jesus Christ upon his resurrection from death. The day holds heaps of religious significance for the Christians and they celebrate this festival with lots of fervour. On this day, Christians wear new clothes, make delicious lamb dishes, and decorate eggs with different types of designs and colours. The Easter Basket is loaded up with chocolates, designed eggs, and numerous different things and brought to the church to get blessed by father.

4. Maha Shivratri

Being among the most famous festival in India in Hindi calendar, Maha Shivratri is a celebration of Lord Shiva’s marriage with Goddess Parvati. Usually celebrated in the month of February and peoples as devotees visit Shiva Temples to offer their prays. This festival is celebrated by all-day fasting and later in the night with singing and dancing.

5. Janmashtami

Janmashtami is another Hindu festival celebrated with loads of fervour as the birthday of Hindu Lord Krishna. On this day, thousands of devotees go to Lord Krishna temples situated all across the country. Being the birthplace of Lord Krishna, Mathura and Vrindavan are loaded with thousands of devotees in the night. Usually, this festival is celebrated in the months of August or September.

6. Diwali

Diwali is the widely celebrated cultural festival in India. The festival represents the homecoming of Lord Ram from his exile. On this day, usually, people decorate their houses with beautiful electronic lights, Diyas, and hand made rangolis on the floors. In the evening, people organize a grand Puja of Goddess Laxmi with bursting crackers and mark the festival in their hearts. The best places to see the huge celebration of the Diwali festival in India are UP, Rajasthan, Punjab, Delhi, and Mumbai.

7. Christmas

Christmas is also one of the biggest and widely celebrated cultural festivals in India and even the world too. The festival is not only celebrated by Christians but also by other religions too. On this day Indian people wear new clothes and wear like Santa Claus as well and distribute chocolates & gifts to kids. The best celebration of this festival can be seen in the eastern parts of India like Old Goa, Cochin, and Meghalaya where people usually decorate churches and roam around the streets with lots of fervour.

8. Eid-al-Fitr

Another one of the biggest religious and cultural festivals in India. Usually celebrated by Muslims. The festival marks the end of Ramzan and during this month, Muslims friends enjoy Iftar parties every evening with sweets and many delicious dishes. Mostly celebrated in Delhi, Lucknow, and Hyderabad, this the festival of brotherhood and cultural uniqueness.

So these are some of the best cultural festivals in India that celebrated with loads of fervour and love. If you have ever visited India and enjoyed one of these festivals during your trip then share your experience with us in the comment section below.

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India

Top 3 Air Conditioners Between 25000-35000 to Buy in India

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Air Conditioners

The summer season is knocking on the door as the temperature of Indian cities is increasing day by day. The sultry and humid months of April, May and June make living uncomfortable owing to the unbearable heat.

Many people buy an air conditioner during the summer to live comfortably and fresh. An AC can offer quick cooling at the start of a button. You can come from outside heat, start the AC to get instant cooling to get the respite from the heat.

But, when it comes to buying a split AC Air Conditioners or window AC in India, there are many brands available with each offering some or other unique features.

As a result, it may confuse you to make the right buying decision. Hence, to help you buy the best of the AC, here are leading three ACs between Rs.25,000 and Rs.35,000

Leading ACs in India between 25,000-35,000

  • Lloyd 1 Ton 3 Star Split AC

Lloyd is an emerging company in India that manufactures quality home electronics including the ACs. The Lloyd 1 Ton 3 Star Split AC is a viable option that provides many features like:

  • 1 Ton – suitable for small sized rooms
  • 2 Star BEE Rating 2018 for energy savings up to 15%
  • Auto restart feature  
  • Copper condenser for incredible cooling with hassle-free maintenance
  • Sleep mode controls the temperature as per the needs during the night to help you enjoy a sound sleep  

You can go for this Lloyd AC in India at a price of around only Rs.30,000.

  • LG 1 Ton 3 Star Window AC

LG is a household name in the Indian market with years of expertise in producing many products such as LED TVs, smartphones, washing machines including ACs. The LG 1 Ton 3 Star Window AC can help you in enjoying a pleasant summer with useful features such as:

  • 1 Ton – suitable for small rooms
  • 3 Star BEE Rating 2018 for energy saving up to 15%
  • Auto restart facility
  • Copper condenser to help you enjoy effective cooling with less maintenance
  • Sleep mode is available to adjust night temperature for a peaceful sleep
  • Himalaya Cool Technology – enjoy hill station weather now at home

The price of this LG AC in India is around Rs.27,000.

  • Samsung 1 Ton 3 Star Inverter AC

Samsung is yet another trusted consumer electronics brand operating in India for a long time. It is trusted for many products, and ACs is no exception. You can bring home the Samsung 1 Ton 3 Star Inverter AC which is laced with many features like:

  • 1 Ton capacity is good for a small room in your home
  • 3 Star BEE Rating 2018 for energy savings up to 15%
  • Auto restart facility is available
  • Alloy condenser for a hassle-free cooling
  • Sleep mode to readjust the temperature to ensure sound sleep
  • Inbuilt stabilizer

Making the Samsung AC yours will cost you around Rs.33,000 in India.

Grab the Special Summer Offer on ACs and save big

You are now aware of the leading AC brands in India. You can now buy them without paying their entire price at once and manage your monthly budget easily.

Yes, you can get an LG AC, Samsung AC or any other AC of your choice on easy EMIs by paying only the exact EMI amount and nothing more. As a result, you can save more as compared to similar EMI-based payment alternatives in India. This facility is available across the Bajaj Finserv EMI Network in India by using the Bajaj Finserv EMI Network Card.

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